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Human Trafficking: Fact or Myth

Human Trafficking “Red Flags” for the General Public If you come in contact with anyone exhibiting one or more of the following

indicators, they may be a victim of human trafficking.

  • !  A potential victim typically has someone with them at all times. This person seems very controlling and tries to speak for the victim.

  • !  Victims may exhibit signs of physical abuse such as: bruises, broken bones, cuts, burns, scars and/or malnourishment.

  • !  Victims may have signs of psychological trauma such as: severe anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, Stockholm’s Syndrome, panic attacks, submissiveness, and/or no emotion at all (flat affect).

  • !  Victims may work and live in the same location.

  • !  Victims may believe that they must work for their employer because of a

    debt they owe.

  • !  Victims typically do not have control over personal identification documents. These documents may be in the control of the trafficker.

  • !  Victims may appear afraid/nervous and may not make eye contact.

  • !  Conversations with victims may seem very scripted, inconsistent, or vague.

  • !  Victims have signs of “branding” by their traffickers such as: tattoos of the trafficker’s name and/or jewelry.

  • !  Victims may have a lack of knowledge about where they are or why.

  • !  Victims may not admit that they are victims and may not ask for help.

    Human trafficking situations are often very dangerous and unpredictable. If you suspect human trafficking in your community, contact the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 888-3737-888, or call 911.

Human Trafficking “Red Flags” for the General Public! Questions to ask yourself to determine if someone might be a victim:

  • !  Are they being forced to do something they don’t want to do?

  • !  Is the person allowed to leave their place of work?

  • !  Has the person been physically and/or sexually abused?

  • !  Has the person been threatened?

  • !  Does the person have a passport and other documents, or were they taken away from them?

  • !  Has the person been paid for his/her work or services?

  • !  How many hours does the person work a day?

  • !  What are/were the person’s living conditions?

  • !  How did the person find out about the job?

  • !  Who organized the person’s migration?

  • !  Do they have to ask permission to eat, sleep, or go to the bathroom?

  • !  Do they believe they owe money for their travel or other expenses?

  • !  Has anyone threatened their family?

  • !  Where do they sleep and eat?

  • !  Is there a lock on their door or windows so they cannot get out?

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